Installing VirtualBox’s “Guest Additions” is not as straight forward as I’d like it to be for an Ubuntu Server Guest but I figured out the solution.
In this tutorial I am using:
- Host: Windows XP Professional
- VirtualBox: 3.1.6
- Guest: Ubuntu Server 10.04 (Lucid Lynx)
UPDATE: I’m using my own tutorial in May 2015 using:
- Host: Mac OS X Yosemite 10.10.3
- VirtualBox: 4.3.26
- Guest: Ubuntu Server 14.04.2 (Trusty Tahr) & Ubuntu Desktop 15.04 (Vivid Vervet)
and it still works the same way.
Say you have a host with VirtualBox installed (I have Windows XP, you have any version of Windows, Mac, Solaris, Linux, etc.) and have an Ubuntu Server installed as a guest. If you want to install “Guest Additions” for added features (such as seemless mode, copy and paste support, or shared folders in my case), you’re supposed to click Devices > Install Guest Additions... but when I clicked the button, nothing popped up. Why doesn’t anything pop-up? Did it download? Was there an error?
Unbeknown to me, VirtualBox actually downloaded an image called VBoxGuestAdditions.iso, all without telling me. Great, it’s downloaded, but how do I mount and install it?
First off, let’s grab some libraries we need for Guest Additions to install
sudo apt-get install build-essential linux-headers-`uname -r`
Then mount it,
sudo mount /dev/cdrom /mnt
Then run the proper executable (make sure you look for the correct one for your machine),
sudo bash /mnt/VBoxLinuxAdditions.run
There will be an error that states the not all features could be installed
Installing the Window System drivers …fail!
(Could not find the X.org or XFree86 Window System.)
But this is okay. VirtualBox’s Guest Additions installs some features that we don’t need on a server (seemless mode, copy and paste, etc.) If you want these features, you’ll have to install 67MB+ of X.Org libraries,
sudo apt-get install xserver-xorg xserver-xorg-core
So it’s up to you: GuestAdditions with 67MB+ of X.Org libraries or let these drivers fail and enjoy shared folders.
Once you have setup a shared folder for your guest, have installed Virtualbox Guest Additions as detailed above, you should be able to find your files under,
ls -lsh /media/sf_shared
If you get an “accessed denied” warning, add yourself to the Virtualbox group,
sudo adduser $USER vboxsf